Liječnički vjesnik (LV), the official peer-reviewed journal of the Croatian Medical Association, publishes editorials, professional and research articles, review articles, case reports, drugs and methods reviews, preliminary scientific and professional communications, commentaries, letters to the editor, book reviews, and other contributions, provided they have not been published in the same format in another journal or book. The journal is published six times a year.
The contents of Liječnički vjesnik may be used free of charge for educational and research purposes, with full reference to the source. Any other use is prohibited without express permission by the publisher.
All contributions should be mailed to: Uredništvo Liječničkog vjesnika, Hrvatski liječnički zbor, Šubićeva 9, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia. (telephone +385 1 46 93 310)
LV follows the instructions for the manuscript preparation published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors – ICMJE (http://icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf) and the World Association of Medical Editors – WAME (http://www.wame.org), and recommends the same to authors. Ethical standards comply with those of the Committee on Publication Ethics – COPE (https://publicationethics.org/resources) and the Council of Science Editors – CSE (https://www.councilscienceeditors.org/wp-content/uploads/entire_whitepaper.pdf).
The complete manuscript, including all the supplements, should be sent in one printed copy, and submitted electronically to: email@example.com. The text should be double-spaced, typed in 11-point font, printed on one side. Each section of the manuscript should begin on a new page. It is required to include with the manuscript the following documents (to be found at: https://lijecnicki-vjesnik.hlz.hr):
1. Checklist for Authors;
2. Conflict of Interest Statement;
3. Statement of Authorship and Copyright Transfer.
Manuscripts submitted without the above attachments will not be considered.
Manuscripts are not published in the order in which they are received by the editorial board. Manuscripts and other submitted material are not returned to senders.
Individuals designated as authors must meet the criteria for authorship. Following the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors – ICMJE, authors are required to include with the manuscript a written statement indicating that they have made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work, or to the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; that they have drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content; that they give final approval of the version to be published; and that they agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Individuals who do not meet the criteria for authorship, e.g. persons who have provided intellectual assistance, technical help, or special equipment or materials, should be listed under Acknowledgements.
It is required to include with the manuscript a written statement indicating that the paper has not been previously published or submitted/accepted for publication in another journal, that all the authors have read it and approved, and the statement that there is no financial or any other conflict of interest. Also, it is required to include with the manuscript a statement that the authors of the paper agree to transfer their copyright to the journal.
All papers are screened for originality and plagiarism, copying, the duplicate and redundant submission/publication of texts and images from other sources (with checker tools such as Duplichecker, Plagiarism Checker, Plagium, PlagScan). Plagiarized papers or papers unethically published in any other way will be retracted following COPE’s Retraction Guidelines (https://publicationethics.org/files/retraction%20guidelines.pdf).
The editorial board recommends authors to register with ORCID (https://orcid.org) and, when submitting a paper, to provide their ORCID ID number that will be shown at the end of the paper and before the References to provide access to information on authorship and publications and to ensure better visibility.
All individuals who have participated in the paper and who are not authors should be mentioned under Acknowledgements.
Liječnički vjesnik publishes the following peer-reviewed articles: editorials, original research articles, professional articles, short communications/brief reports, preliminary communications, review articles and well-documented case reports.
Editorial: 1200 words maximum; up to 1 figure or table; up to 20 references; 3 – 6 keywords; unstructured abstract up to 300 words (if applicable).
Original Research Article: 6,000 words maximum; up to 6 figures and 6 tables; unlimited number of references; 3 – 6 keywords; structured abstract up to 300 words (except for articles on the history of medicine that may have an unstructured abstract).
Professional Article: 5,000 words maximum; up to 5 figures and 5 tables; unlimited number of references; 3 – 6 keywords; structured abstract up to 300 words (except for articles on the history of medicine that may have an unstructured abstract).
Short Communication, Brief Report: 1,200 words maximum; up to 3 figures or tables; up to 15 references; 3 – 6 keywords; structured abstract up to 300 words.
Preliminary Communication: 1,200 words maximum; up to 3 figures or tables; up to 15 references; 3 – 6 keywords; structured abstract up to 300 words.
Case Report (with Review of the Literature): 5,000 words maximum; up to 5 figures or tables; unlimited number of references; 3 – 6 keywords; unstructured abstract up to 300 words.
Letter to the Editor: 1,000 words maximum; up to 7 references.
Erratum: enables correction of errors made in writing, printing or in the process of publication of an article. To be sent to: Liječnički vjesnik, Uredništvo, Hrvatski liječnički zbor, Šubićeva 9, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia, or via email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The manuscript should include:
- Title page with the title in Croatian and in English, and the names and surnames of the author(s). Below should follow the name of the author’s/authors’ affiliation(s), and the name of the institution(s) where the work was performed. The name and surname of each author should be repeated, with his/her academic degree, and the name of the institution where he/she works. It is required to include the address of the corresponding author whom the editorial board can contact. A short title of the article, that will be printed as current title, should be suggested at the bottom of the page.
- Abstract and Keywords
The second page should include a structured summary in Croatian and in English (up to 300 words), with the aim of the study/research, the material (participants) and methods, results and conclusions.
New and important aspects of the study or observation should be emphasized in the abstract. Below should be given four to six keywords or short terms in Croatian and in English, to assist in indexing the article and to be published with the abstract. Terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus should be used for keywords. General, plural and multi-word concepts (e.g. use of “and”, “or”) should be avoided. The abstract should not include references.
The introduction provides the purpose and rationale for conducting the study or the research. It is recommended to cite only relevant references, without any data or conclusions.
- Procedures (methods)
The selection and all the important characteristics of the participants or laboratory animals studied or observed should be listed. Generic names should be used for drugs and chemicals. All measurements should be given in SI units. In Croatian language texts, a decimal comma should be used.
Procedures familiar from the literature should be described in general outline, providing full reference details. Devices should be identified, including the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses. Statistical procedures should be described in detail to enable the reader to calculate the stated probabilities from the original results. In the case of computer data processing, the statistical software used should be specified. Papers dealing with research involving human subjects should state that the research was conducted following the ethical standards as given in the Declaration of Helsinki of 2000, as amended in 2002 and 2004. The name of any ethical committee that has approved the conduct of the research should also be stated. Participants’ names, initials or ID numbers should not be included.
Relevance of data should be statistically corroborated. SI units should be used. Statistical methods should be described in detail, to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. Where possible, findings should be quantified and presented with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty.
Results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. All the data in the tables or illustrations should not be repeated in the text, but rather only the most important observations should be emphasized or summarized.
New and important aspects of the study, and its results, should be emphasized. It is not recommended to repeat in detail data or any other material given in the Introduction or in the Results section. It is important to explain the significance of the results obtained, their limitations, and implications for future research, avoiding, however, making statements and drawing conclusions not completely confirmed by the obtained data. Observations from the study should be compared with other relevant studies. When necessary, new hypotheses may be given, but clearly labelled as such.
The main conclusions are drawn based on the author’s or authors’ own results, separately after the discussion.
Statistical methods should be described in detail in the Methods section, to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. Where possible, findings should be quantified and presented with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty. The statistical software used should be specified.
- Ethics and ethical standards
Papers dealing with experiments involving human subjects should clearly state that the procedures were conducted following the ethical standards of an institutional or national committee responsible for experiments involving human subjects, and in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975, as revised in 1983. Participants’ names and/or surnames should not be published, particularly in illustrative materials. Papers dealing with experiments on animals should state that an institutional or national standard for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
If in doubt about plagiarism, and having assessed the problem, the editorial board will refer the material to a responsible ethics committee or to an academic integrity committee.
Only standard abbreviations should be used. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parentheses should be used at the first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement. Abbreviations should be avoided in the manuscript title.
Symbols used in the text should be explained. A detailed list of symbols may be given in an appendix.
Table titles and text in tables should be bilingual, in Croatian and in English.
Tables should be presented on a separate page. They should not be submitted as photographs. Each table should have a title and be numbered consecutively in the order it appears in the text. Tables should be self-explanatory and simple. Table legends should be given below the table, and may include a reference to data in the table indicated by a superscript figure or letter. Results presented elsewhere in the article (e.g. in an illustration), should not be repeated in the table. If a table originating from other sources is used, permission for such publication should be obtained from the respective publisher/author.
- It is desirable that tables are not submitted as images, but integrated in the text. It is recommended to design tables as simply as possible.
Figure descriptions and text in figures should be bilingual, in Croatian and in English.
All figures should be professionally drawn or photographed. Letters, numbers, and symbols on figures should be clear enough to remain legible when the figure is reduced for publication. Each figure should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which it appears in the text, have the author’s name and a clear mark showing which is the upper side of the figure. Each illustration should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which it appears in the text, and a clear mark showing which is the upper side of the illustration. Illustrations should be made in a quality appropriate for print publication. Photocopied images or photographs are not suitable for reproduction. Photographs of individuals will be published only with the written consent of the person photographed (or his/her guardian), or the individual should be rendered unrecognizable (concealing the eyes, face, etc.). If a figure is taken from other sources, permission for such reproduction obtained from the respective editor/author should be submitted.
If submitted in electronic format, figures/illustrations should be in a high resolution TIFF or JPEG file format, a minimum of 1,500 pixels wide. Figures/illustrations submitted in other formats may be accepted only with the prior consent of the editorial board. The editorial board reserves the right not to publish any figures/illustrations that fail to meet the above requirements.
- Figures (photographs, graphs, images…) should be submitted separately, in as high a quality and resolution as possible (.tif, .png). Each figure in the text, in addition to its own title, should have a generic title (Figure 1). The generic title should include an ordinal number expressed as an Arabic numeral, numbered consecutively according to the order in which it appears in the text. Figure titles and descriptions are considered to be a part of the text, and not part of the figure/illustration. Therefore they should be included in the text, and not in the figure.
LV strictly follows the Vancouver citation style (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors – Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals: Sample references at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html). References are cited in ordinal numbers, according to the order in which it appears in the text (the first reference cited is number 1). In manuscripts with six or less authors, all the authors should be listed; if there are seven authors, or more, the first three should be listed, followed by “et al.”. Journals should be cited with abbreviations as used by Index Medicus (http://www.pubmed.gov ).
Citing references – examples:
Golubić D, Rapić D, Breitenfeld V. Neka klinička, dijagnostička i terapijska zapažanja o humanoj trihinelozi [Some clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic observations on human trichinellosis]. Lijec Vjesn 1985;107:11-4. Croatian.
Lundstrom I, Nylander C. An electrostatic approach to membrane bound receptors. Period Biol 1983;85(Suppl 2):53-60.
Books and monographs
Eisen HN. Immunology: an introduction to molecular and cellular principles of the immune response. 5th ed. New York: Harper and Row; 1974, p. 406.
Dausset J, Colombani J, editor. Histocompatibility testing. Copenhagen: Munksgaard; 1973, pp. 12-8.
Chapter in a book
Weinstein L, Swartz MN. Pathogenic properties of invading microorganisms. In: Sodeman WA jr, Sodeman WA, editor. Pathogenic physiology: mechanism of disease. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1974, pp. 457-72.
Article on the Internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about p. 3]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm
- Letter of submission
The letter of submission should include the name, address and telephone number (landline and mobile) of the corresponding author who will communicate with the LV editorial board, and will be responsible for arranging the necessary amendments with other authors. The type of article should be stated in the letter. The filled-in Checklist for Authors, the Statement of Authorship, and the Conflict of Interest Statement must be enclosed with the letter (https://lijecnicki-vjesnik.hlz.hr). Manuscripts submitted without these enclosures will not be considered.
- 18. Acknowledgements
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as persons who have provided technical help, or support in general, should be listed under Acknowledgements. Financial and material support should also be listed.
Each manuscript is treated as highly confidential material, and the review process is performed anonymously. The submitted manuscripts are firstly assessed by the editorial board, and then sent to a minimum of two reviewers for a double-blind peer review. Each submitted manuscript is assigned a number and an ID. The authors are informed that the manuscript has been received and a number assigned. The authors are obliged to use such an ID number in all correspondence. A corresponding author acts on behalf of the others in the process related to the manuscript’s publication. Manuscripts and other submitted material are not returned to senders.
After all the submitted reviews have been considered by the editorial board, they are returned to the author(s) for checking and amendment. The amended manuscript may be resent for another revision to the same reviewers, depending on the nature of the reviewers’ comments. Accepted manuscripts are not necessarily published in the order in which they are received. The views expressed are those of the author.
Manuscripts are not returned, and all printed contributions are owned by the Croatian Medical Association. The contents of Liječnički vjesnik may be reproduced providing the source is acknowledged in the form: “taken from Liječnički vjesnik”.
Each published article is assigned a DOI (Digital Object Identifier), a unique identifier for every article published in Liječnički vjesnik. The editorial board provides one copy of Liječnički vjesnik for each author (or for a corresponding author, if the manuscript was submitted by a group of authors).
- Recommendations for formatting a manuscript to enable easier XML creation from the text.