Summary. Emergency in orthopaedics compared to classical surgery presents a completely different issue. Some orthopaedic conditions do not require immediate surgery, but they have to be solved within weeks or months, and are therefore addressed as relatively urgent conditions. If this kind of surgery is delayed, condition may deteriorate, and in some cases it becomes impos- sible to perform reconstructive surgical procedure. Considering this, some shoulder conditions require urgent and some rela- tively urgent surgery. When time limits are concerned that means these patients have to be operated on within 3 to 6 weeks, or during first three months after the initial trauma.