CIRCULATING microRNA EXPRESSION IN MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME
Inga Mandac Rogulj, Vibor Milunović, Mirjana Mariana Kardum Paro, Delfa Radić Krišto, Gordana Kaić, Slobodanka Ostojić Kolonić
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorder characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis and cytopenia in peripheral blood, where about a third of patients may develop acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The diagnosis of MDS requires the analysis of peripheral blood and bone marrow. Depending on the percentage of blasts in the bone marrow, the number of cytopenias and cytogenetic abnormalities, determination of the prognostic indices is possible (IPSS – „International Prognostic Scoring System“, R-IPSS-„Revised International Prognostic Scoring System“, WPSS – „WHO Prognostic Scoring System“). Until today, numerous studies have been conducted on the molecular mechanisms and epigenetic pathways in myelodysplastic syndrome, and their prognostic and therapeutic importance, but there are few studies analyzing the importance of microRNAs (miRNAs) in MDS. In the last few years, there have been numerous results on the impact of aberrant miRNA expression in malignant disorders where the miRNA represent tumor suppressor genes or oncogenes. Several miRNAs have been recognized as diagnostic and prognostic parameters and possible therapeutic targets. In this paper, we present the overview of recent results on the role of miRNA in MDS.