Summary. The aim of the article is to provide physicians with guidelines for differentiating human from animal skeletal remains. Morphologic features which clearly distinguish human and nonhuman bones are presented, together with an over- view of the methods available for further analysis of bone material. Process of bone identification is exemplified through the case of skeletal remains recovered in Lika district in Croatia. Instructions for the physicians faced with bone material are given in order to better understand their possibilities and limitations when interpreting such findings.