Summary. Regulation on medical examination prior to apprenticeship is built in the Act on Trades and Crafts. Medical ex- aminations of the students before admission to secondary craft schools have been done regularly since 1993. Between 11,000 and 14,000 students are admitted to secondary craft schools in the Republic of Croatia annually. According to statis- tics, about 10% of students have obvious health problems, about 5% of students have healt problems which vitally limit their capacity in particular crafts. This statistic refers to about 3% of the examined students. Medical examinations of students prior to admission to craft schools represent a particular sort of health capacity examinations. The paper includes applica- tions for the most freqent trades and crafts, and findings of the craft school admission examinations.