Summary. Functional ability of a hand determines person’s creative and social abilities. Thus any functional inability of upper limb causes huge unfavourable, practical and economic, consequences for both an affected person and the whole community. The goal of treating affected upper limbs is to restore their function. Subsequently, identification of urgent and relatively urgent pathology of an upper limb and early diagnostics and treatment are of great importance because belated, secondary and recon- structive surgical procedures achieve significantly poorer results. Identifying pathology of an upper limb requiring urgency, leading us towards early diagnostics and timely treatments, functional restoration of upper limbs and enable prevention of permanent consequences.