ASSESSMENT OF PREOPERATIVE RISK IN CHILDREN
Ivana Bureš, Ljiljana Popović
The preoperative assessment of the patient’s health status is an indispensable part of planning any procedure where the patient is undergoing anesthesia. The American Society of Anesthesiologists’ Physical Status (ASA PS) classification is routinely used today to assess the risks of anesthesia and perioperative mortality of patients undergoing surgery regardless of age. However, as anesthesia in children differs from anesthesia in adults, it is necessary to take into account the age-specific features of preoperative risk assessment in children.For better estimation of risks of anesthesia, new risk assessment systems and specific pre-anesthetic treatment guidelines for children have been developed. Two novel tools for assessing the preanesthetic risk in children are briefly presented: Pediatric Risk Assessment (PRAm) score and “NARCO-SS” (neurological, airway, respiratory, cardiovascular, other – surgical severity) score. The aim of this paper is critical review of existing guidelines in assessing the preoperative risk in children. The preoperative risk assessment and the preparation for anesthesia adapted to the child’s age can improve the safety and success of the anesthetic procedure.