DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURES IN CHILDREN – CAUSES AND PLACES OF OCCURRENCE
Anko Antabak, Abdulah Chouehne, Selena Ćurković, Dino Papeš, Marko Bogović, Tomislav Luetić, Stanko Ćavar, Damir Halužan, Marija Mihić Surić
Distal radius fractures are the most common fractures in children and account for about 25% of all fractures. The main mechanism of occurrence is a fall on the outstretched hand. These fractures usually occur as a result of accidents, and rarely because of injuries and pathological conditions. In this retrospective study, we analyzed 182 hospital-treated distal radius fractures, of which 61 fractures (29.8%) represent epiphysiolysis. The causes are divided into three groups: fall 124 (68.1%), injuries in traffic 50 (27.5%), and strikes 8 (4.4%). Falls usually occur during sport or game playing 72 (39.6%), and traffic injuries occur during cycling 30 (52%) and roller skating 25 (43%). Children were most often injured in the areas of sports and recreational activities 115 (63%), on the street 38 (21%), and at the school 16 (9%). In our children the highest incidence of distal radius fractures was during sports and recreational activities, and the lowest in school and at home.