GUIDELINES FOR TREATMENT OF CAROTID ARTERY STENOSIS
Ivan Cvjetko, Miljenko Kovačević, Sani Penović, Marko Ajduk, Hrvoje Palenkić, Lidija Erdelez, Krešimir Pinotić, Andrija Škopljanac-Mačina, Ivo Lovričević, Mladen Petrunić
Carotid artery stenosis is a risk factor for developing a stroke. Large randomized studies have shown that carotid endarterectomy (CEA) plays a significant role in preventing a stroke. Carotid endarterectomy decreases the risk of stroke and increases the quality of life after surgery. During the past decades carotid artery stenting (CAS) has evolved as a less invasive way of treating extracranial artery stenosis. Carotid artery stenting is supposed to be less invasive but equally successful and durable (randomized studies are expected to support this statement). Carotid artery stenting is being performed by vascular surgeons, general surgeons, neurosurgeons, cardiologists, radiologists etc1. In addition to these guidelines we provide indications for CEA (especially within 2 weeks after the onset of symptoms) and indications for the treatment of restenosis after CEA or CAS. Indications were presented and accepted by the members of the Croatian Society for Vascular Surgery (CSVS) during the meeting in Vodice in May, 2016. Making of these guidelines is not financially supported. The guidelines are primarily intended for vascular surgeons and interventional radiologists to provide a unified stance in the treatment of patients with a significant narrowing of the internal carotid artery.