QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC VENOUS INSUFFICIENCY
Ani Jolić Lončarić, Andrica Lekić, Nella Kuftinec Jolić
The aim of this paper was to determine to what degree the difficulties produced by chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) influence the patients’ quality of life. The study was carried out on 102 patients between March 1st and June 30th 2016. Out of 102 patients there were 18.6% males and 81.3% females. The average age of respondents was 67 years. For each patient the diagnosis was made according to the well known phlebology classification for venous diseases, which includes clinical signs and symptoms (C), etiology (E), anatomical distribution (A), and pathophysiology (P) of illness (CEAP). Chronic Venous Insufficiency Questionnaire (CIVIQ-20) was used as the measure instrument for self evaluation of the quality of life among patients with CVI. CIVIQ-20 consists of twenty points that examine quality of life testing the sense of pain, physical, psychic and social functioning of affected people. 50% of respondents suffered middle-level changes on their legs (C2-C3 gradus). Results are reported in descriptive statistical manner. Global Index Score (GIS) indicates a significant impact of CVI to bio-psycho-physical and social functioning among patients, as well as woman’s quality of life that is notably lower than in man (t=3.98, p<0.001). Also,patients with higher GIS have a higher degree of illness according to CEAP criteria (Spearman r=0.44, p<0,001).